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Ganesha Poster

Ganesha has been ascribed many other titles and epithets, including Ganapati (Ganpati) and Vighneshvara. The Hindu title of respect Shri (Sanskritश्रीIASTśrī; also spelled Sri or Shree) is often added before his name.

The name Ganesha is a Sanskrit compound, joining the words gana (gaṇa), meaning a group, multitude, or categorical system and isha (īśa), meaning lord or master.[17] The word gaṇa when associated with Ganesha is often taken to refer to the gaṇas, a troop of semi-divine beings that form part of the retinue of Shiva, Ganesha’s father.[18] The term more generally means a category, class, community, association, or corporation.[19] Some commentators interpret the name “Lord of the Gaṇas” to mean “Lord of Hosts” or “Lord of created categories”, such as the elements.[20] Ganapati (गणपतिgaṇapati), a synonym for Ganesha, is a compound composed of gaṇa, meaning “group”, and pati, meaning “ruler” or “lord”.[19] Though the earliest mention of the word Ganapati is found in hymn 2.23.1 of the 2nd-millennium BCE Rigveda, it is however uncertain that the Vedic term referred specifically to Ganesha.[21][22] The Amarakosha,[23] an early Sanskrit lexicon, lists eight synonyms of GaneshaVinayakaVighnarāja (equivalent to Vighnesha), Dvaimātura (one who has two mothers),[24] Gaṇādhipa (equivalent to Ganapati and Ganesha), Ekadanta (one who has one tusk), HerambaLambodara (one who has a pot belly, or, literally, one who has a hanging belly), and Gajanana (gajānana); having the face of an elephant.[25]

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Ganesha Poster

Description

Ganesha (SanskritगणेशIASTGaṇeśaAbout this soundlisten ), also known as GanapatiVinayaka, or by numerous other names, is one of the best-known and most worshipped deities in the Hindu pantheon.[4] His image is found throughout IndiaNepalSri LankaFijiThailandMauritiusBali (Indonesia) and Bangladesh.[5] Hindu denominations worship him regardless of affiliations.[6] Devotion to Ganesha is widely diffused and extends to Jains and Buddhists.[7]

Ganesha likely emerged as a deity as early as the 2nd century CE,[12] but most certainly by the 4th and 5th centuries CE, during the Gupta period, although he inherited traits from Vedic and pre-Vedic precursors.[13] Hindu mythology identifies him as the restored son of Parvati and Shiva of the Shaivism tradition, but he is a pan-Hindu god found in its various traditions.[14][15] In the Ganapatya tradition of Hinduism, Ganesha is the supreme deity.[16] The principal texts on Ganesha include the Ganesha Purana, the Mudgala Purana, and the Ganapati AtharvashirsaBrahma Purana and Brahmanda Purana are other two Puranic genre encyclopaedic texts that deal with Ganesha.